Goose Hunting Loads
If the normal gun to bird distance usually produces only one single pellet in the goose, it is highly recommended that you should try a denser pattern of a smaller shot by not using BB and trying a #2 shot that has the same velocity and payload.
When taking into consideration the goose hunting loads, you will have to think about picking a cartridge that has a smaller shot size and velocity, but a higher pellet count in the critical strike zone by increasing the shot's load from 141 pellets to 169 pellets, or even 197 pellets if you want to.
You will also have to take into consideration the costs that come with waterfowl hunting as well as the hunting conditions when picking out the right goose loads.
It may sound reasonable to pay more than $2 per round for a 3 1/2-inch load of bismuth or tungsten in order to pass-shoot a one goose limit from 60 yards.
You should pick out a 1 1/8 oz. of #2, 3 or 4 steel shot if the hunt is for a bag of 10 early season teal at 20 yards.
For most of the situations, a BB or BBB shot is without any doubt the most efficient shot size as both of them have plenty of pellets and enough energy in order to take down the bird. The guns should be either a 10 or a 12 gauge. Due to the reason that steel shoots tighter patterns in comparison to lead, the recommended chokes are modified and improved. However, taking into consideration that each choke of a shotgun is unique, hunters should be able to pattern their particular guns.
The best goose loads come from well-reputed manufacturers like Remington, Winchester and Federal. Here is an example of a reliable configuration that has been used for years by goose hunters: 12 gauge 3 1/2 Federal steel, with 1 9/16 oz. BBB and a claimed muzzle velocity of 1,300 fps.